Raspberry Pi, Arduino, Node.js and serial port

Problem

Im trying to talk to my arduino from a node.js server script.

Here's my code:

var app = require('express')()
, server = require('http').createServer(app)
, io = require('socket.io').listen(server)
, SerialPort  = require('serialport').SerialPort;

//SERIAL
var portName = '/dev/ttyACM0';
var sp = new SerialPort(); // instantiate the serial port.
sp.open(portName, { // portName is instatiated to be COM3, replace as necessary
   baudRate: 115200, // this is synced to what was set for the Arduino Code
   dataBits: 8, // this is the default for Arduino serial communication
   parity: 'none', // this is the default for Arduino serial communication
   stopBits: 1, // this is the default for Arduino serial communication
   flowControl: false // this is the default for Arduino serial communication
});

//SERVER
server.listen(80, '127.0.0.5');

app.get('/', function (req, res){
  res.sendfile(__dirname + '/index.html');
});

io.sockets.on('connection', function (socket){
  socket.emit('test', { test: 'Its Working' });
  socket.on('value', function (data){
    console.log(data);
    });
});

Im pretty sure my device is on /dev/ttyACM0 because:

pi@raspberrypi ~/Programming/node $ dmesg|tail
[91569.773042] cdc_acm 1-1.2:1.0: ttyACM0: USB ACM device
[91569.776338] usbcore: registered new interface driver cdc_acm
[91569.776369] cdc_acm: USB Abstract Control Model driver for USB modems and ISDN adapters
[92601.131298] usb 1-1.2: USB disconnect, device number 7
[92609.044999] usb 1-1.2: new full-speed USB device number 8 using dwc_otg
[92609.149759] usb 1-1.2: New USB device found, idVendor=2341, idProduct=0043
[92609.149789] usb 1-1.2: New USB device strings: Mfr=1, Product=2, SerialNumber=220
[92609.149806] usb 1-1.2: Manufacturer: Arduino (www.arduino.cc)
[92609.149820] usb 1-1.2: SerialNumber: 74132343430351705051
[92609.156743] cdc_acm 1-1.2:1.0: ttyACM0: USB ACM device
pi@raspberrypi ~/Programming/node $

When i try and run my server script i get the error:

pi@raspberrypi ~/Programming/node $ node server.js
   info  - socket.io started

/home/pi/node_modules/serialport/serialport.js:72
    throw new Error('Invalid port specified: ' + path);
          ^
Error: Invalid port specified: undefined
    at new SerialPort (/home/pi/node_modules/serialport/serialport.js:72:11)
    at Object.<anonymous> (/home/pi/Programming/node/server.js:8:10)
    at Module._compile (module.js:449:26)
    at Object.Module._extensions..js (module.js:467:10)
    at Module.load (module.js:356:32)
    at Function.Module._load (module.js:312:12)
    at Module.runMain (module.js:492:10)
    at process.startup.processNextTick.process._tickCallback (node.js:244:9)

Im sure im just missing something simple but i don't know enough about Linux or Node to know what it is. Do i need to install the arduino IDE for drivers? Is it because i am sshing into my raspberry pi, i know this uses the serial port but i want to communicate over USB. Is this possible or do i only have 1 serial port regardless of whether its USB or serial?

EDIT I have installed the IDE and I can talk to the arduino through the IDE. So it's not drivers or lack of ports.

Thanks for any help.

Joe

Problem courtesy of: Joseph Roberts

Solution

I think it is because empty arguments to SerialPort, which you later specify in open

var sp = new SerialPort(); // instantiate the serial port.
//then you open
sp.open(portName, { // portName is instatiated to be COM3, replace as necessary

From SerialPort npm project page

var SerialPort = require("serialport").SerialPort
var serialPort = new SerialPort("/dev/tty-usbserial1");

When opening a serial port, you can specify (in this order).
 1. Path to Serial Port - required.
 2. Options - optional and described below.

So you should specify all the arguments in SerialPort instead of open

var portName = '/dev/ttyACM0';
var sp = new SerialPort(portName, {
   baudRate: 115200,
   dataBits: 8,
   parity: 'none',
   stopBits: 1,
   flowControl: false
});
Solution courtesy of: user568109

Discussion

I have a working nodeJS / arduino / Serialport robot.

I used (you need to change your serial port to your own)

  var serialport = require("serialport");
  var SerialPort = serialport.SerialPort; // localize object constructor

  var sp = new SerialPort(comPort, {
     parser: serialport.parsers.readline("\r"),
     baudrate: 9600
  });

  sp.on("open", function () {
     sp.write(0x80);
     sp.write('123456\r');
     console.log ("comm port ready");
  });

Remember When you write to your Arduino to "drain" the output. My working code where I tell the robot to go in a specific direction.

            robotData.setLastCommand(direction);
    sp.write(direction , function(err, results) {
        **sp.drain(function(err, result){**
                //console.log ("drain");
                    //console.log(err, result);
        });
        //console.log ("results -> " + results);
    });
Discussion courtesy of: alexmac

This recipe can be found in it's original form on Stack Over Flow.